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2JW Spelling

Autumn 1

We have been revisiting all of the Phase 5 sounds that we learned in Year 1 and working hard to try and choose the correct sound when we are spelling.

We have also been revisiting some of the spelling rules that we have learned:

Autumn 2

We have finished recapping the Phase 5 sounds and alternative graphemes this week by looking at these:

er   (flower)      ur  (church)     ir   (skirt)

The /er/ is usually at the end of words.

ou (ground)       ow (brown)

oi (coin)        oy (annoy)

or (short)        au (August)       aw (crawl)   ore (score)

/ore/ is usually at the end of words


We have revised the suffixes 'ed' and 'ing' and learned what to do if the root word ends in 'e'. You drop the 'e' and then add the suffix:

hope     hoped            hope     hoping

smile    smiled            smile    smiling


We have also learned about the suffix 'ly' which can be added to an adjective to change it to an adverb:

slow     slowly              quick     quickly              neat     neatly


If the root word ends in a 'y' you have to change the 'y' to an 'i' then add the suffix:

happy       happily             angry       angrily             merry       merrily


We have been learning about contractions. A contraction is a word made by combining 2 words. An apostrophe is used to show where letters have been taken out.


did not             didn't                        was not          wasn'

I will                  I'll                             we have         we've   

could not         couldn't                    I have             I've


These are the tricky words that we have learned how to spell this half term:

could         because           who           again       pretty          clothes

should       every                whole        after        beautiful       busy

would        everybody        any            even        children       water

                 people              many          Mr           hour            half

                                                            Mrs                             money


Spring 1

We have been learning how to spell homophones.  Homophones are words that sound the same but are spelt differently and have different meanings:

be      bee

see    sea    

to      two      too

their    there     they're

blue    blew      

here     hear

sun      son

whole    hole

bear      bare


We have revised the rules for adding the suffixes -ed, -ing, -er and -est to words (see above), and learned a new rule. If the root word ends in a single consonant after a vowel, you double the consonant and then add the suffix:

hop     hopped

skip     skipping

wet        wetter

fat         fattest


We then learned another rule. If the root word ends in a 'y', you change it to an 'i' then add the suffix:

copy        copied

happy      happier

funny      funniest

We found out that this doesn't work when adding the suffix -ing.