We have been revisiting all of the Phase 5 sounds that we learned in Year 1 and working hard to try and choose the correct sound when we are spelling.
We have also been revisiting some of the spelling rules that we have learned:
We have finished recapping the Phase 5 sounds and alternative graphemes this week by looking at these:
er (flower) ur (church) ir (skirt)
The /er/ is usually at the end of words.
ou (ground) ow (brown)
oi (coin) oy (annoy)
or (short) au (August) aw (crawl) ore (score)
/ore/ is usually at the end of words
We have revised the suffixes 'ed' and 'ing' and learned what to do if the root word ends in 'e'. You drop the 'e' and then add the suffix:
hope hoped hope hoping
smile smiled smile smiling
We have also learned about the suffix 'ly' which can be added to an adjective to change it to an adverb:
slow slowly quick quickly neat neatly
If the root word ends in a 'y' you have to change the 'y' to an 'i' then add the suffix:
happy happily angry angrily merry merrily
We have been learning about contractions. A contraction is a word made by combining 2 words. An apostrophe is used to show where letters have been taken out.
did not didn't was not wasn't
I will I'll we have we've
could not couldn't I have I've
These are the tricky words that we have learned how to spell this half term:
could because who again pretty clothes
should every whole after beautiful busy
would everybody any even children water
people many Mr hour half
We have been learning how to spell homophones. Homophones are words that sound the same but are spelt differently and have different meanings:
to two too
their there they're
We have revised the rules for adding the suffixes -ed, -ing, -er and -est to words (see above), and learned a new rule. If the root word ends in a single consonant after a vowel, you double the consonant and then add the suffix:
We then learned another rule. If the root word ends in a 'y', you change it to an 'i' then add the suffix:
We found out that this doesn't work when adding the suffix -ing.